'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - The alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 3 known lawsuits, $55,000 total settlements.
Zeigler, Michael vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 14CV01139,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, March 25, 2014, ended September 18, 2014
Walker, Michael vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 14CV00680,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, February 11, 2014
Addison, Deshaun vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 024746/2013E,
Supreme Court - Bronx, December 20, 2013, ended June 26, 2017