'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - The alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 2 known lawsuits, $200,000 total settlements.
Hassab El Nabi, Abdelrahman vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 21CV03768,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, April 1, 2021, ended November 28, 2022
Ikezi, Gerald, et al. vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 14CV05905,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, October 29, 2014, ended April 4, 2017