'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - The alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 2 known lawsuits, $63,500 total settlements.
Watters, Davi, et al. vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 502965/2019,
Supreme Court - Kings, February 15, 2019, ended December 17, 2020
Anderson, Elijah vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 16CV00150,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, January 14, 2016, ended February 9, 2017
Second Amended Complaint
Defendant officers approached Plaintiff while he was outside his residence, asked him is he knew someone that lived with Plaintiff. Officers made Plaintiff take them to his apartment, forcibly entered it, searched it, and arrested Plaintiff and the other individual. Plaintiff was taken to the 75th precinct and charged with unlawful possession of marijuana, which was ACD'd. Officers then obtained a warrant and seized property inside Plaintiffs apartment.