'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - The alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 6 known lawsuits, $80,850 total settlements.
Pharr, Assad vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 154852/2021,
Supreme Court - New York, May 20, 2021
Lewis, Lionel vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 18CV05510,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, July 11, 2018, ended May 24, 2022
On June 24, 2015, plaintiff was riding his bicycle outside when Officers M. Raleigh and two unidentified officers cut off plaintiff with their police car, striking him on his left leg and knocking him to the ground. Plaintiff suffered a broken wrist, fractured ribs, and bruised knees as a result of the accident. The officers then handcuffed plaintiff despite his injuries and took him to the hospital where he was treated and given a cast. Plaintiff was then arrested and taken to Riker's Island where he was put in a cell. Six days later, the charges against plaintiff were resolved with time served.
Lowery, Shelton vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 16CV01602,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, April 8, 2016, ended October 13, 2017
Defendant Officers arrested Plaintiff and charged him with VTL 1192; 119; and 1192, which were eventually dismissed.
Enoe et al v. City Of New York et al
Case # 15CV05747,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, 2015
Plaintiffs were in the car when defendant officers stopped them. Defendant officers suspected that their license was stolen from Michigan but plaintiffs have been driving the car with the original plate for more than 10 years. Plaintiffs were tightly handcuffed and plaintiff 2 was threatened at a gun point. Plaintiff was charged with hanging a flag near the rearview mirror and the charge was dismissed later.
Sylla, Cellou, vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 14CV01551,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, March 11, 2014, ended January 12, 2015
Ayala, Hirving vs Sgt Butler, et al.
Case # 12CV06534,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, January 16, 2013, ended June 3, 2014