'Exonerated': Also referred to as 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unsubstantiated': CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 4 known lawsuits.
Garcia, Juan vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 160166/2017,
Supreme Court - New York, March 9, 2018, ended March 29, 2021
Billings, Lamont, et al. vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 152398/2021,
Supreme Court - New York, March 10, 2021
Dula, Bryant vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 453300/2021,
Supreme Court - New York, April 8, 2021
Delacruz, Alexis vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 161143/2021,
Supreme Court - New York, December 15, 2021