'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unsubstantiated': The CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 3 known lawsuits.
Garcia, Juan vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 160166/2017,
Supreme Court - New York, March 9, 2018, ended March 29, 2021
Billings, Lamont, et al. vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 152398/2021,
Supreme Court - New York, March 10, 2021
Dula, Bryant vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 804667/2021E,
Supreme Court - Bronx, April 8, 2021