'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - The alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Bailey v City of New York
Case # 11CV04181,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, 2011
Plaintiff's friend was involved in a domestic dispute and then came to her house. Officers tried to enter and Plaintiff lawfully denied them and so was placed under arrest and taken to 42nd Precinct. Charged with Hindering Prosecution and Obstructing Governmental Administration which were ACD'd