CCRB Conclusion Definitions

'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD can choose to ignore CCRB recommendations and has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.


'Unsubstantiated': The CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules. This does not mean innocence of the allegation, but that the CCRB was unable to prove guilt. This may be due to lack of evidence from the officer or the failure of the department to cooperate in providing necessary information, such as body cam footage. Often the department is not forthcoming despite a legal duty to cooperate in CCRB investigations.


'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.


'Exonerated': The alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD’s own rules, which often give officers significant discretion. The officer committed the acts in the allegation but they were deemed to be lawful.


'Closed - Pending Litigation': The complainant or victim chose not to cooperate with the investigation on the advice of counsel.


'Closed - Miscellaneous': The officer is no longer a member of the NYPD.


Other conclusions 'Complainant/Victim Uncooperative' where the complainant doesn't respond to requests for interviews, 'Complainant/Victim Unavailable' where they cannot contact the complainant, 'Complaint Withdrawn' and 'Victim/Officer Unidentified'.


Definitions of conclusions are also available from the CCRB site.


CCRB Conclusion counts:

2651 Alleged Victim Unavailable
6061 Alleged Victim Uncooperative
2337 Closed - Pending Litigation
14172 Complainant Unavailable
38757 Complainant Uncooperative
16123 Complaint Withdrawn
55821 Exonerated
1002 Miscellaneous
967 Miscellaneous - Subject Resigned
1485 Miscellaneous - Subject Retired
108 Miscellaneous - Subject Terminated
10352 Substantiated (Charges)
1367 Substantiated (Command Discipline A)
1058 Substantiated (Command Discipline B)
3046 Substantiated (Command Discipline)
538 Substantiated (Command Lvl Instructions)
1210 Substantiated (Formalized Training)
839 Substantiated (Instructions)
9 Substantiated (MOS Unidentified)
1746 Substantiated (No Recommendations)
25187 Unfounded
96995 Unsubstantiated
546 Victim Unidentified
3 Witness Unavailable
12 Witness Uncooperative

Discipline definitions:

When a CCRB complaint is substantiated, it can only recommend types of discipline. The NYPD can choose to ignore these recommendations and conclude for itself which discipline, if any, to apply. CCRB complaints and discipline are recorded in officers’ personnel records.


'Charges and Specifications': Charges launch a trial with the Administrative Prosecution Unit (APU). An officer may lose vacation days, be suspended, or terminated if he is found guilty.


'Command Disciplines': There are two types of Command Discipline, Schedule A and the more serious Schedule B. An officer can lose up to ten vacation days as a result of a Command Discipline.


'Instructions or Formalized Training ': The least severe discipline and results in training for the officer at the command level (Instructions) or training at the Police Academy or NYPD Legal Bureau (Formalized Training).


APU is the 'Administrative Prosecution Unit'.
DCT is the 'Deputy Commissioner of Trials'.
OATH is the 'Office of Administrative Trials and Hearings'.
SOL is 'Statute Of Limitations'.
RTKA is 'Right To Know Act'.


Definitions for discipline are also available from the CCRB site.


NYPD Conclusion counts:

4 Closed: Charges not served
5 Closed: Deceased
46 Closed: Retired
5 Closed: SOL Expired in APU
18 Closed: SOL Expired prior to APU
5 Command Discipline
1663 Command Discipline - A
867 Command Discipline - B
53 Command Level Instructions
352 Decision Pending
411 Dismissed
313 Filed
1149 Formalized Training
1083 Guilty
2536 Instructions
1614 No Disciplinary Action-DUP
280 No Disciplinary Action-SOL
97 No Finding
73 Nolo contendre
1080 Not Guilty
327 Plead Guilty
42 Previously adjudicated, with discipline
4 Previously adjudicated, without discipline
2 Resolved by plea
95 Retained, with discipline
35 Retained, without discipline