CCRB Conclusion Definitions

'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules set by the NYPD in their Patrol Guide and the officer should receive some sort of discipline. The NYPD can choose to ignore CCRB recommendations and has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.


'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.


'Exonerated'/'Within NYPD Guidelines': The alleged conduct occurred, but did not violate the NYPD’s own rules, which often give officers significant discretion. The officer committed the acts in the allegation but they were deemed to be lawful.


'Unsubstantiated'/'Unable to Determine': The CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules. This does not mean innocence of the allegation, but that the CCRB was unable to prove guilt. This may be due to lack of evidence from the officer or the failure of the department to cooperate in providing necessary information, such as body cam footage. Often the department is not forthcoming despite a legal duty to cooperate in CCRB investigations.


'Closed - Pending Litigation': The complainant or victim chose not to cooperate with the investigation on the advice of counsel. They can request to have the case re-opened.


'Closed - Miscellaneous': This often means the officer is no longer a member of the NYPD.


'OMB PEG Directive Closure': Due to citywide budget cuts, CCRB is no longer able to fully investigate certain cases within its jurisdiction and suspended investigating some types of complaints.


Other conclusions where cases are closed as unable to investigate include 'Complainant/Victim Uncooperative' where the complainant doesn't respond to requests for interviews, 'Complainant/Victim Unavailable' where the CCRB cannot contact the complainant, 'Complaint Withdrawn' and 'Victim/Officer Unidentified'.


Definitions of conclusions are also available from the CCRB site.


CCRB Conclusion counts:

8235 Alleged Victim Unavailable
19876 Alleged Victim Uncooperative
8532 Closed - Pending Litigation
32129 Complainant Unavailable
101093 Complainant Uncooperative
37236 Complaint Withdrawn
67308 Exonerated
1292 Miscellaneous
1623 Miscellaneous - Subject Resigned
2264 Miscellaneous - Subject Retired
131 Miscellaneous - Subject Terminated
1096 OMB PEG Directive Closure
19160 Officer(s) Unidentified
11227 Substantiated (Charges)
4962 Substantiated (Command Discipline A)
2296 Substantiated (Command Discipline B)
3048 Substantiated (Command Discipline)
538 Substantiated (Command Lvl Instructions)
1814 Substantiated (Formalized Training)
843 Substantiated (Instructions)
9 Substantiated (MOS Unidentified)
1746 Substantiated (No Recommendations)
3069 Unable to Determine
35875 Unfounded
101819 Unsubstantiated
2478 Victim Unidentified
5785 Within NYPD Guidelines
17 Witness Unavailable
59 Witness Uncooperative

Discipline definitions:

When a CCRB complaint is substantiated, it can only recommend types of discipline. The NYPD can choose to ignore these recommendations and conclude for itself which discipline, if any, to apply. CCRB complaints and discipline are recorded in officers’ personnel records.


'Charges and Specifications': Charges launch a trial with the Administrative Prosecution Unit (APU). An officer may lose vacation days, be suspended, or terminated if they are found guilty.


'Command Discipline': There are two types of Command Discipline, Schedule A and the more serious Schedule B. An officer can lose up to ten vacation days as a result of a Command Discipline.


'Instructions or Formalized Training ': The least severe discipline and results in training for the officer at the command level (Instructions) or training at the Police Academy or NYPD Legal Bureau (Formalized Training).


APU is the 'Administrative Prosecution Unit'.
DCT is the 'Deputy Commissioner of Trials'.
OATH is the 'Office of Administrative Trials and Hearings'.
SOL is 'Statute Of Limitations'.
RTKA is 'Right To Know Act'.
DUP is 'Department Unable to Prosecute' - when NYPD decides it will not discipline an officer where CCRB recommended discipline other than charges.


Definitions for discipline are also available from the CCRB site.


NYPD Conclusion counts:

1954 APU - Decision Pending
2 APU Charges not served
398 APU Closed: Charges not served
5 APU Closed: Deceased
27 APU Closed: Dismissed by APU
13 APU Closed: Other
82 APU Closed: Previously adjudicated, with discipline
7 APU Closed: Previously adjudicated, without discipline
29 APU Closed: Resigned
198 APU Closed: Retained, with discipline
89 APU Closed: Retained, without discipline
165 APU Closed: Retired
24 APU Closed: SOL Expired in APU
150 APU Closed: SOL Expired prior to APU
7 APU Closed: Terminal leave
6 APU Closed: Terminated
10 APU Command Discipline
109 APU Command Discipline A
136 APU Command Discipline B
160 APU Dismissed
30 APU Formalized Training
928 APU Guilty
6 APU Instructions
11 APU Nolo contendere
559 APU Not guilty
1 APU Not guilty after trial
1 APU Previously adjudicated, with discipline
1 APU Resigned
3 APU Retained, with discipline
1 APU Retained, without discipline
12 APU Retired
311 Charge Dismissed - DCT
13 Charge Dismissed - OATH
337 Charges and Specifications - Guilty
2340 Command Discipline - A
1201 Command Discipline - B
53 Command Level Instructions
26 DAO case
284 Filed
1377 Formalized Training
7 Guilty - DCT
4 Guilty - OATH
2535 Instructions
56 Negttn-Guilty
62 Negttn-Nolo contendre
2837 No Disciplinary Action-DUP
357 No Disciplinary Action-SOL
32 No Finding
666 Not Guilty - DCT
4 Not Guilty - OATH
320 Plead Guilty - DCT
7 Plead Guilty - OATH
82 Previously Adjudicated
58 Resigned
63 Retired