CCRB Conclusion Definitions

'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules set by the NYPD in their Patrol Guide and the officer should receive some sort of discipline. The NYPD can choose to ignore CCRB recommendations and has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.


'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.


'Exonerated'/'Within NYPD Guidelines': The alleged conduct occurred, but did not violate the NYPD’s own rules, which often give officers significant discretion. The officer committed the acts in the allegation but they were deemed to be lawful.


'Unsubstantiated': The CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules. This does not mean innocence of the allegation, but that the CCRB was unable to prove guilt. This may be due to lack of evidence from the officer or the failure of the department to cooperate in providing necessary information, such as body cam footage. Often the department is not forthcoming despite a legal duty to cooperate in CCRB investigations.


'Closed - Pending Litigation': The complainant or victim chose not to cooperate with the investigation on the advice of counsel. They can request to have the case re-opened.


'Closed - Miscellaneous': The officer is no longer a member of the NYPD.


Other conclusions where cases are closed as unable to investigate include 'Complainant/Victim Uncooperative' where the complainant doesn't respond to requests for interviews, 'Complainant/Victim Unavailable' where they cannot contact the complainant, 'Complaint Withdrawn' and 'Victim/Officer Unidentified'.


Definitions of conclusions are also available from the CCRB site.


CCRB Conclusion counts:

2709 Alleged Victim Unavailable
6108 Alleged Victim Uncooperative
2759 Closed - Pending Litigation
14532 Complainant Unavailable
39175 Complainant Uncooperative
16379 Complaint Withdrawn
59582 Exonerated
1032 Miscellaneous
1155 Miscellaneous - Subject Resigned
1834 Miscellaneous - Subject Retired
121 Miscellaneous - Subject Terminated
10793 Substantiated (Charges)
2936 Substantiated (Command Discipline A)
1585 Substantiated (Command Discipline B)
3046 Substantiated (Command Discipline)
538 Substantiated (Command Lvl Instructions)
1428 Substantiated (Formalized Training)
839 Substantiated (Instructions)
9 Substantiated (MOS Unidentified)
1746 Substantiated (No Recommendations)
26506 Unfounded
100204 Unsubstantiated
582 Victim Unidentified
3 Witness Unavailable
13 Witness Uncooperative

Discipline definitions:

When a CCRB complaint is substantiated, it can only recommend types of discipline. The NYPD can choose to ignore these recommendations and conclude for itself which discipline, if any, to apply. CCRB complaints and discipline are recorded in officers’ personnel records.


'Charges and Specifications': Charges launch a trial with the Administrative Prosecution Unit (APU). An officer may lose vacation days, be suspended, or terminated if he is found guilty.


'Command Disciplines': There are two types of Command Discipline, Schedule A and the more serious Schedule B. An officer can lose up to ten vacation days as a result of a Command Discipline.


'Instructions or Formalized Training ': The least severe discipline and results in training for the officer at the command level (Instructions) or training at the Police Academy or NYPD Legal Bureau (Formalized Training).


APU is the 'Administrative Prosecution Unit'.
DCT is the 'Deputy Commissioner of Trials'.
OATH is the 'Office of Administrative Trials and Hearings'.
SOL is 'Statute Of Limitations'.
RTKA is 'Right To Know Act'.
DUP is 'Department Unable to Prosecute' - when NYPD decides it will not discipline an officer where CCRB recommended discipline other than charges.


Definitions for discipline are also available from the CCRB site.


NYPD Conclusion counts:

337 Charges and Specifications - Guilty
8 Closed: Charges not served
5 Closed: Deceased
1 Closed: Not an APU case
17 Closed: Other
70 Closed: Retired
5 Closed: SOL Expired in APU
19 Closed: SOL Expired prior to APU
5 Command Discipline
1920 Command Discipline - A
956 Command Discipline - B
53 Command Level Instructions
12 DAO case
1798 Decision Pending
418 Dismissed
284 Filed
1216 Formalized Training
822 Guilty
2540 Instructions
2011 No Disciplinary Action-DUP
297 No Disciplinary Action-SOL
66 No Finding
73 Nolo contendre
1113 Not Guilty
327 Plead Guilty
26 Previously Adjudicated
58 Previously adjudicated, with discipline
5 Previously adjudicated, without discipline
30 Resigned
135 Retained, with discipline
51 Retained, without discipline
34 Retired