'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Langford, Jacques vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 18CV03143,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, May 30, 2018, ended July 26, 2018
Plaintiff was driving in vehicle with friends when unmarked police car pulled up next to Plaintiff's car and Defendant Officers told him to pull over. Plaintiff complied with their instructions and provided them with the appropriate papers as requested. No issues were found with Plaintiff's papers, but Defendant Officers continued to detain and search Plaintiff and vehicle. Defendant Officers found a common folding knife in vehicle and later arrested Plaintiff for this knife claiming the arrest was for unlawful possession of a "gravity knife" and applied too tight handcuffs to Plaintiff. Plaintiff was then taken to the Precinct where he was eventually released with a Desk Appearance Ticket. DA's Office later ch...