'Exonerated': Also referred to as 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 2 known lawsuits, $580,000 total settlements.
Civers, Tonia vs P.O. Hyppolite, Paul, et al.
Case # 156640/2018,
Supreme Court - New York, July 30, 2018, ended July 29, 2021
Davis, Shaquera vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 151379/2019,
Supreme Court - New York, February 26, 2019, ended July 10, 2020