'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Hereford, Carl vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 17CV01435,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, March 23, 2017, ended October 4, 2017
The plaintiff was standing in front of his resident when the defendant officers approached, grabbed the plaintiff, searched, and then punched him. The plaintiff was taken to the ground, arrested, and brought to the 76th Precinct. The defendant officers sarcastically told the plaintiff he should file a complaint with CCRB and told him no one would believe his story. The plaintiff was charged with Resisting Arrest, Obstruction of Governmental Administration, Disorderly Conduct, General Violation of Local Law, and Failure to Obey Traffic Control Device. The outcomes of these charges were not stated in the complaint.