'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 6 known lawsuits, $97,500 total settlements.
Smith-Ruffin, Rayshaun vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 512272/2022,
Supreme Court - Kings, May 2, 2022
Rodriguez, Juan Carlos By Mng Sabrado, Yesenia vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 17CV00012,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, January 10, 2017, ended July 13, 2018
The plaintiff was approached by the defendant officer, accosted, assaulted, arrested, and taken to a nearby Precinct. He was falsely charged with petit larceny and tampering with private communications.. The outcome of the charges were not specified.
Palermo, Hector vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 15CV06370,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, August 26, 2015, ended March 23, 2016
Defendant Officers instructed Plaintiff to get against a wall in the lobby of a building, searched him, tightly handcuffed him, took him to the 41st Precinct (without seat belting him in the car), and charged him with Criminal Trespass in the Second Degree. Charge was eventually dismissed.
Martinez, Edwin vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 020768/2013E,
Supreme Court - Bronx, March 12, 2013, ended March 14, 2014
Martinez v. City of New York et al
Case # 20768/2013,
Supreme Court - Bronx,
Otero et al v. The City of New York et al
Case # 13CV00454,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY,