'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Delacruz, Robert vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 20CV10205,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, January 5, 2021, ended October 28, 2021
On September 7, 2019, plaintiff was waiting with a friend who was urinating on a building when officers Robert Done and David Salazar attempted to arrest him. Officers Christopher Wit and Gregory Garraputa arrived, and all four tackled plaintiff to the ground and hit him repeatedly. Plaintiff was tightly handcuffed and transported to Bellevue Hospital via an ambulance, where his feet were shackled. Plaintiff was held at the precinct, and the next day he was arraigned based on Officer Robert Done's false testimony that he pushed an officer and resisted arrest.