'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 4 known lawsuits, $40,500 total settlements.
Jin, Guo Hua vs City of New York et al.
Case # 20CV03603,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, January 14, 2021
Peguero, Rafael vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 015010/2014,
Supreme Court - Kings, October 23, 2014
Lee, Anders vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 14CV02526,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, April 23, 2014, ended November 14, 2014
Case # 14CV00968,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, March 4, 2014, ended August 10, 2015