'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 4 known lawsuits, $39,500 total settlements.
Cook, Frank, et Al vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 501670/2022,
Supreme Court - Kings, January 18, 2022
Rodriguez v. City of New York et al
Case # 06CV01152,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY,
Lopez v. City Of New York, et al.
Case # 010283/2014,
Supreme Court - Queens,
Roman et al v. City of New York et al
Case # 09CV07061,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY,