'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 3 known lawsuits, $65,000 total settlements.
Alloway, Francis vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 800020/2023E,
Supreme Court - Bronx, January 5, 2023
Glass, Nahmir vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 032913/2020E,
Supreme Court - Bronx, November 3, 2020, ended March 29, 2022
Koon, Jared vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 030665/2020E,
Supreme Court - Bronx, September 22, 2020, ended August 23, 2022