'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 2 known lawsuits, $122,500 total settlements.
Wilson, Joseph vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 520929/2018,
Supreme Court - Kings, November 1, 2018, ended August 31, 2020
Scails, Ryan vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 13CV04382,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, August 7, 2013, ended July 28, 2015