'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 2 known lawsuits, $172,000 total settlements.
Bellamy, Paula, et al. vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 301410/2016,
Supreme Court - Bronx, April 20, 2016, ended February 5, 2020
Castro, Joshua vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 13CV05559,
U.S. District Court - Southern District NY, August 9, 2013, ended April 22, 2014