'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 2 known lawsuits, $20,000 total settlements.
Rawlins, Nathaniel vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 160292/2015,
Supreme Court - New York, October 16, 2015, ended May 24, 2016
Liebert et al v. City of New York et al
Case # 150591/2011,
Supreme Court - New York,