'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Orlando, Vincent, et al. vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 14CV05331,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, September 19, 2014, ended March 24, 2015
Both plaintiffs were in a vehicle owned by Plaintiff 1 when they were stopped by an unmarked car. Four plainclothes defendant officers approached plaintiff's 1 vehicle and searched both plaintiffs. They tightly handcuffed and detained plaintiffs in a van driven by defendant officers Banghart and Sposito. According to the complaint, the plaintiffs were taken to either 121st or 123rd Precinct. They were brought on unspecified charges, which were later dismissed.