'Exonerated': or 'Within NYPD Guidelines' - the alleged conduct occurred but did not violate the NYPD's own rules, which often give officers significant discretion.
'Substantiated': The alleged conduct occurred and it violated the rules. The NYPD has discretion over what, if any, discipline is imposed.
'Unfounded': Evidence suggests that the event or alleged conduct did not occur.
'Unsubstantiated': or 'Unable to Determine' - CCRB has fully investigated but could not affirmatively conclude both that the conduct occurred and that it broke the rules.
Further details on conclusion definitions.
Named in 4 known lawsuits.
Spann-Armour, Lavarr vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 709376/2020,
Supreme Court - Queens, September 15, 2020
Redd, Derrick vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 19CV02917,
U.S. District Court - Eastern District NY, May 31, 2019, ended December 30, 2022
On October 25, 2008, the body of 9-month pregnant Niasha Delain was found Derrick Redd and Delain’s mother, Towanda Wimms. Redd was the father of the child Delain was carrying. NYPD arrived and interviewed Redd and Wimms, as well as the resident in the apartment above Delain, who said she had not heard anything and didn’t know the apartment was even occupied. Redd accompanied the detectives to the precinct and cooperated fully without invoking his right to counsel While at the station, Edward Balfe, Ronald Waldron, and Billy Milan interrogated Redd unlawfully and falsely claimed Redd made certain statements to him. During this, P.O. Fresnel was in the interview room with Redd, she offered false statements in ...
Reid, Kevin vs City of New York, et al.
Case # 708546/2019,
Supreme Court - Queens, May 22, 2019
Reid, Kevin vs City of New York et al.
Case # 718487/2018,
Supreme Court - Queens, December 28, 2018, ended March 15, 2019